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Adult Onset Diabetes, also called Type 2 diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your body's important source of fuel.  With Type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the effect of insulin, a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level.  
 


What are the signs and symptoms of Adult onset diabetes?

Signs and Symptoms can develop slowly; you could have Type 2 diabetes for years and not know it.  Signs and Symptoms can include:

  • Increased thirst and frequent urination; excess sugar building up in your bloodstream causes fluid to be pulled from the tissues, possibly leaving you thirsty.  As a result, you may drink - and urinate - more than usually. 
  • Increased hunger; without enough insulin to move sugar into your cells, your muscles and organs become depleted of energy triggering intense hunger. 
  • Weight loss; despite eating more than usual to relieve hunger, you may lose weight.  Without the ability to metabolize glucose, the body uses alternative fuels stored in muscle and fat.  Calories are lost as excess glucose is released in the urine. 
  • Fatigue; if your cells are deprived of sugar, you may become tired and irritable.
  • Blurred vision; if your blood sugar is too high, fluid may be pulled from the lenses of your eyes and may affect your ability to focus. 
  • Slow-healing sores or frequent infections; Type 2 diabetes affects your ability to heal and resist infections.
  • Areas of darkened skin; some people with type 2 diabetes have patches of dark, velvety skin in the folds and creases of their bodies - usually in the armpits and neck.  This may be a sign of insulin resistance. 

 


What causes adult onset diabetes?

Adult onset diabetes develops with the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.  Why this happens is unknown, although genetics and environmental factors, such as excess weight and inactivity seem to be contributing factors. ‚Äč